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the control of welding activities in relation to
the type of product or welding work that is
being carried out by the company.
Safety and profit depend on technical con-
trol of welding operations. Key staf f in all
welding related activities needs to have an
appropriate level of competence in welding
technology and its application. In addition
to employing competent and tested weld-
ers, manufacturers should ensure that engi-
neers, designers and technicians who deal
with welding matters have proven relevant
competence. This is increasingly becoming
a contract requirement: a trend which is ex-
pected to accelerate as new European Direc-
tives and European/International Standards
for welding come into force. EN ISO 14731
“Welding Coordination – Tasks and Respon-
sibilities” (formerly EN 719) requires people
with welding related responsibilities to be
able to demonstrate that they are competent
to carry out those responsibilities. Fur ther-
more, in order to comply with EN ISO 3834,
it is necessary also to comply with EN ISO
EWF and IIW are two major welding organisa-
tions in which international exper tise in weld-
ing and related technologies is assembled.
For nearly 30 years, these organisations have
been developing guidance documents and
technology exchange mechanisms to support
companies seeking to adopt best practice
in welding. This has been a monumental ef-
for t, culminating in the installation of unique
and comprehensive training, qualification
and cer tification systems, applied to both
people and companies, harmonised on a
world-wide basis.
This paper gives details of the EWF/IIW sys-
tems that have been developed and what has
been achieved as a result of them. It also
outlines the challenges ahead for EWF and
how they are being addressed.
1. International harmonisation
in welding
The EWF (European Welding Federation) work
on the development of harmonised courses
which star ted in 1980, resulted in the imple-
mentation of a series of training and quali-
fication ‘guidelines’ and in the definition of
examination criteria for welding personnel.
In parallel, the IIW (International Institute of
Welding) Commission XIV “Education and
Training” has dedicated its activity to the
exchange of change of know-how in training
in welding.
In 1998, EWF and IIW signed the first agree-
ment of co-operation towards the develop-
ment of a single international system for edu-
cation and qualification of welding personnel.
By use of a single syllabus for each level of
training course and a harmonized system
for examinations management, the same
qualification may be awarded in any country.
EWF has fur ther developed the system to-
wards the cer tification of specific compe-
tence of welding personnel and towards the
cer tification of companies complying with
the ISO 3834 requirements. These systems
have been implemented in Europe for the last
ten years. EWF recently agreed to transfer
these systems to IIW. The approval, and start
of implementation, of these, the IIW Cer tifi-
cation Systems for Welding Personnel and
Companies according to ISO 3834, at the
international level, began in 2008.
In order to administer the training, qualifi-
cation and personnel cer tification system
and to develop it still fur ther, the IIW has
established the IAB – International Authorisa-
tion Board. This organisation has the aim of
the effective implementation of the systems
in all IIW member countries, by publishing
Guidelines for training syllabuses and ex-
aminations and implementing the Quality
Assurance system controlling the system.
An organisation, recognised by the IIW na-
tional member society, is appointed as the
Authorised National Body (ANB) for the su-
pervision of the system for training, qualifi-
cation and cer tification of personnel in each
country. Representatives from these ANBs
form the operational management within the
IAB, and they nominate and approve Lead
Assessors and Peer Assessors who ensure
conformity of each ANB to agreed Rules.
ANBs are responsible at the national level
i) The assessment and monitoring of Ap-
proved Training Bodies (ATBs).
ii) The conduct of examinations.
iii) The assessment of applicants for cer tifi-
iv) The issue of Diplomas and Cer tificates.
There are now 39 countries that have joined
this system with an Authorised National Body,
as follows
Nigeria has recently joined the system and
Indonesia, Nigeria, Turkey and United States
of America are applicant ANBs.
With regard to the system for the certification
of companies according to EN ISO 3834,
this is implemented throughout the world
also by the IAB appointing an organisation
in each country, and the mechanism for this
is very similar to that adopted for the ANBs.
These National organisations are known as
Authorised National Bodies for Company Cer-
tification (ANBCCs) and are responsible for
ensuring the correct implementation of the
companies’ cer tification system, according
to the defined rules. In this, the objective is
that a cer tified company at a cer tain level
will have demonstrated they have achieved
a minimum level of capability for a specified
scope of activity (in compliance of ISO 3834),
irrespective of the country in which they have
been cer tified.
The role of the ANBCC in its own countr y
regarding personnel cer tification includes:
Figure 2. 39 countries.