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From the beginning, the IIW set up interna-
tional groups of specialists to study collec-
tively the scientific phenomena associated
with welding and allied processes, their
more ef ficient industrial application and
the means of communicating information
about them. It has therefore become the
global body in the science and application
of joining technology, providing networking
and knowledge exchange as par t of its mis-
sion. Its mission is to
“Act as the world-
wide network for knowledge exchange of
joining technologies to improve the global
quality of life”
.
Welding technology is an enabling technol-
ogy used across a wide range of industries
and applications. These range from micro-
joining of medical devices, electronics and
photonics (down to 5 microns), to larger
scale applications such as bridges, build-
ings, infrastructure, offshore structures, de-
fence equipment, mining equipment, boilers
and pressure vessels, piping, ships, rail and
road transpor t, water and gas pipelines,
nuclear, and including components over 1
m thick welded in one pass. All these indus-
tries and others exist in all countries to var y-
ing degrees, thus creating a significant use
of welding technology. Welding and Joining
is used widely in the manufacture of most
consumer products. Welding’s value to a
nation’s economy is significant as shown
by recent detailed studies in countries such
as the USA and Germany.
Objectives of IIW
IIW has just under taken a major review of
its business plan involving all of its working
and administrative units.
Some key IIW objectives, amongst others
are:
• Identify, create, develop and transfer
world’s best practices
• Identify, develop and implement the IIW
Education, Training, Qualification and Cer-
tification Programmes on a global basis
• Promote IIW, its Member Societies and
ser vices in various regions of the world
to the mutual benefit of all
• Implement the IIW’s outcomes
• Provide quality ser vices to IIW members
and other organisations
To achieve these objectives in practice, ex-
per ts from around the world are voluntarily
working in 15 Commissions, six Select Com-
mittees, two Study Groups and a host of
Working Groups or other units on a
permanent basis to stimulate and co-or-
dinate research and technology dif fusion,
and to dif fuse information on welding tech-
nology, its application in terms of materi-
als, processes, design and inspection and
other associated subjects such as health
and safety, education, training, qualification
and cer tification, terminology and documen-
tation.
Structure of the IIW
Administrative
Structure
The policies of IIW are decided by the Gen-
eral Assembly at which are represented all
the national member societies, figure 2. The
General Assembly elects the President of
IIW and the members of the Board of Direc-
tors which directs the af fairs of the IIW. The
Board of Directors comprises twelve Direc-
tors among whom are elected the President,
three Vice- Presidents and the Treasurer.
The day-to-day work is ensured by a four
staf f member permanent Secretariat based
in Paris. Under the responsibility of a Chief
Executive, the Secretariat includes a Scien-
tific and Technical Officer, a Standardisation
Of ficer and Secretarial Assistant. The Sec-
retariat also maintains contact between IIW
and other international bodies such as
the International Organisation for Stand-
ardisation, United Nations agencies and
others.
The Board of Directors has a Technical Man-
agement Board (to which over 20 working
units repor t), as well as three other Working
Groups; Communications and Marketing,
Regional Activities and Liaison with Develop-
ing Countries and Standardisation repor ting
to it.
The IIW, a not-for-profit body, is funded by
the member societies paying an annual sub-
scription on a scale designed to reflect, as
equitably as possible, the dependence of
their countr y on welding technology. Such
subscriptions are modest and suf ficient
to pay only a par t of the cost of running
the Secretariat and associated activities.
Fur ther income is derived from the sale of
books and other documents, and fees which
are collected from each Annual Assembly
par ticipant.
By far the greatest contribution from mem-
ber societies comes in the form of the in-
put of their delegates to the working pro-
grammes of the Commissions. The cost of
delegates attendance at Annual Assemblies
and any intermediate meetings of Commis-
sions and Sub-Commissions are borne by
their Member Societies or the delegates’
employers.
Fig 2: Structure of IIW.